LLMs, or large language models, have become one of the hot topics and are expected to be a major subject in 2023. The fact that the majority of companies using Natural Language Processing (NLP) and want to raise their investment states that the role of large language models (LLMs) in education 2023 is more than simply marketing tricks. Today, it is one of the latest and widely available natural language processing (NLP) techniques available.
Table of Contents
A Brief History
In 1966, MIT launched ELIZA, one of the earliest uses of an AI language model. Each model is trained on a dataset before using various techniques on that dataset to draw conclusions about similarities and generate original content. Large Language Models are used when a user enters a query to obtain results in NLP applications.
Modern LLMs, which made their debut in 2017, make use of transformer neural networks, also called transformers. The transformer model and various parameters enable LLMs to understand and produce accurate results quickly, making AI technology broadly applicable across a wide range of domains.
In 2021, the Stanford Institute for AI introduced the phrase “foundation models,” which is used to describe some LLMs. Because it is so significant, it acts as the basis for further enhancements and particular use cases.
A Clear Understanding
A large language model (LLM) is a kind of AI model that has been trained using deep learning algorithms to recognize, produce, translate, and summarize various written human language and textual data. Large language models are a type of generative AI that can be used to not only analyze written content but also create new content depending on user inputs and requests.
LLMs are a recent development in deep learning algorithms that can work with human languages. A trained deep-learning model called a large language model can understand and produce text in a way that is similar to what a human would. All the magic is performed behind the scenes by a sizable transformer model.
Key Players in the Role of Large Language Models (LLMs) in Education 2023
In the role of Large Language Models (LLMs), there are six major players: ChatGPT by Open AI, Bard by Google, Bing by Microsoft, Dolly 2.0 by Databricks, Megatron by Nvidia, and Auto-GPT by Significant Gravitas.
1. ChatGPT by Open AI
The fourth and most recent version of ChatGPT, which is more inventive and offers a more comprehensive context and visual input, has been among the most notable innovations in recent months.
2. Bard by Google
Bard conducts online research, responds in real-time, and uses the LaMDA (Language Model for Dialogue Applications) feature of Google. It is available for free to anyone with an internet connection and, unlike ChatGPT, was trained on a dataset that was heavily focused on interaction and dialogues.
3. Bing by Microsoft
Bing uses ChatGPT, but in contrast to OpenAI’s concept, it has access to the internet and functions like an AI-powered search engine. Bing offers current responses, in contrast to ChatGPT, which knows the date of 2021.
4. Megatron by Nvidia
Organizations can speed up data training with the use of Nvidia’s NeMo Megatron LLMs Framework, and the most recent upgrades will work with models that have 1 trillion parameters or more.
5. Dolly 2.0 by Databricks
Text summarization and chatbot apps are both powered by this text-generative technology. To train Dolly 2.0, Databricks generated 15,000 records but inaccurate.
6. Auto-GPT by Significant Gravitas
This open-source AI project was built on ChatGPT, however, it differs in that it can make decisions. This involves self-prompting and individually creating the prompts to complete a task.
Large Language Models in Education
Current State of LLMs in Education
Large language models have advanced to a stage where they can interpret and produce writing that is human-like across a wide range of domains and applications. These models, including OpenAI’s GPT-3 and Google’s BERT, have had a tremendous impact on the area of natural language processing since they were created using the latest deep learning techniques and trained on large volumes of data.
The performance of current LLMs on a variety of tasks, including:
- Sentiments Analysis
- Summary of a text
- Creation of codes
Despite these successes, language models still have several issues that will need to be resolved in the upcoming models. These are as follows:
Large language models use machine learning to interpret data, which raises questions regarding possible errors. Additionally, pre-trained large language models find it difficult to dynamically adjust to new information, which can result in responses that are potentially incorrect and call for more research and advancement in the future.
Large language models enable human-like speech and text communication. However, recent research shows that advanced systems tend to incorporate social biases found in their training data, leading to online communities that exhibit sexist behaviors.
Large language models have a problem with toxicity, which is when their answers unintentionally produce harmful, insulting, or inappropriate information. This issue emerges because these models were trained using large data from the internet, which might be biased, contain inappropriate language, or hold controversial viewpoints.
The number of input tokens that can be processed by a large language model is limited by its memory capacity. For example, ChatGPT can process and generate outputs for inputs that are no longer than 2048 tokens (about 1500 words). In comparison to the ChatGPT model, which is GPT-3.5, GPT-4 increased the maximum word count to 25,000.
5. Pre-Trained Dataset
Training a language model requires static data collection. Once the training process is finished, the model’s knowledge is permanently locked and it will no longer have access to any new data. That’s why large language models won’t respond to new information or changes that happen after training the data that was gathered earlier.
Benefits and Applications
Now, let’s have a look at some benefits and applications of LLMs in Education in this section.
Some important benefits are as follows:
- LLMs might be the basis for specialized applications. When added to an LLM, specialized training can produce a model perfectly suited to a company’s needs.
- A single LLM can serve various purposes and installations for various users, systems, and businesses.
- In general, modern LLMs deliver excellent performance, producing low-latency replies in less time.
- Accuracy from a transformer model in an LLM improves with time, both in terms of the number of parameters and the size of the trained data set.
- The training time for many LLMs can be reduced by using unlabeled data for instruction.
Use Cases of LLMs in Education
Many people are familiar with some of the best-known LLMs and LLM-powered apps at this point, such as ChatGPT and DALL-E. There are, however, many more. These are open-source and freely available.
1. Text Generative
The generation of material in response to user input is a common application of LLMs. The fundamental objective of this is to increase the productivity of knowledge or to eliminate the need for human intervention. Various fields can benefit from this type of technology, including artificial intelligence (AI) and chatbots, marketing, programming, and the arts. It includes ChatGPT, PaLM, Anthropic.ai, and many more.
2. Text Summarization
It has grown more to have strong summaries so that humans can understand large volumes of data, such as articles, podcasts, movies, and earnings calls generated by computers themselves. And credit goes to LLMs for achieving this.
One type of this is the generation of unique text to describe the information found in larger content, known as abstractive summarization. The second is extractive summarization, which involves retrieving relevant information in response to a question or prompt and then summarising that information in a single sentence. Assemble AI, Devinci, and Viable are some of the applications provided in it.
3. Text Rewrite
LLMs find widespread application in textual transformation due to their foundation in transformers. This can be done to improve readability, fix typos, or remove sensitive material. Rewriting is another way to look at translation. Tools like Grammarly, Google Translate, and Cohere Generate are part of it.
4. Text Search
Many of today’s standard search engines use keyword-based algorithms to get relevant results; some even incorporate knowledge graphs. These are quickly replaced by LLM-based techniques like “neural search,” which have a deeper understanding of language and produce more accurate results.
This is crucial for conducting information searches by typing in whole questions or even starting a conversation with a prompt. As a result, the search bar found in so many applications will become significantly more intelligent. Vectara, Glean, Neeva, and many others are included in it.
5. Question Answering
When asked a question, an LLM can process the query in natural language and return an appropriate response based on its knowledge base. This capacity has been put to use in some contexts, including customer service and instructional and research help. Many popular search engines are included, such as Google, Bing, Neeva, Contriever, and many more.
Grouping documents according to their contents is often helpful. As a result, users can better understand the information at their disposal, and content creators can boost engagement by bringing relevant content to their users.
Much like Search, this depends on understanding the underlying meaning of the information. In this case, however, the knowledge is not used in a retrieval process; instead, it is used to categorize the information. The text embeddings produced by models like Cohere, Azure, and OpenAI can serve as the foundation for a customized clustering system.
Classify is quite similar to Cluster, except that it organizes data into predefined groups rather than unknown clusters. Intent analysis, emotion recognition, and the detection of forbidden actions are just a few examples. This can be done by either a standard supervised learning strategy, in which the classifier is trained on the embeddings in which rapid engineering is used to supply instances to an LLM that then learns how the classification process works. Cohere Classify and Vectara are used for this.
Conclusion: The Future of LLMs in Education
How language models will change in the future is impossible to predict. Still, despite the above challenges, the role of large language models (LLMs) in education 2023 has been an interesting topic so far. Large language models (LLMs) chatbots like ChatGPT have gained massive fame in recent years.
This is because of their ability to generate natural language material that is nearly indistinguishable from that authored by people. While advances in LLM-based AI have been made, their potential effects on the job market, the media, and society have raised a few questions.
But to be clear, LLMs are not supposed to replace humans in the offices. They’re just a tool that can make people work more efficiently. There are many ways in which LLMs could change the world for the better.
Most importantly, LLMs and other forms of AI will have transformed the landscape in which our institutions operate as much as the internet did 25 years ago, if not more so. To remain competitive and to get the benefit of learning, our educational institutions will need to do a better job than they did with the Internet to embrace the potential.